“Tol or tal” is derived from the Arabic language and means “hill”. Talitaghora means the hill looking like a basin. Tallitaghora archaeological monument is characterized with its strength and majestic architecture to compare to the other sites located on both sides of the Surkhan (ancient Chaghonrud-Chaghanian) river. According to the material evidence, the earliest settlement on the territory of Talitaghora appeared in the VI-V cc B.C. This is a very significant discovery which proves the existence of settlements not only in Termez (Old Termez situated at the Amudarya riverside) but also in its surroundings 2500 years ago. There is enough cultural material proof to describe Talitaghora as a main temple of water functioned during the reign of Greek-Bactrian kingdom III-II cc B.C. Of peculiar valuable findings from Talitaghora is a limestone statue with the images of half human and half fish. In this artifact one can exactly see the representation of Triton, the son of Poseidon.